The catholic church in latin america essay

Catholic schools in the United States and History of Catholic education in the United States By the middle of the 19th century, the Catholics in larger cities started building their own parochial school system. The main impetus was fear that exposure to Protestant teachers in the public schools, and Protestant fellow students, would lead to a loss of faith. Protestants reacted by strong opposition to any public funding of parochial schools.

The catholic church in latin america essay

This essay compares the beliefs of Roman Catholicism with the conservative wing of Protestantism. In the 16th century, during the Protestant Reformation, many faith groups split away from the Roman Catholic Church.

This destroyed the relative unity of Christendom in western Europe. The Protestant movement further fragmented during the following centuries. At the present time, there are over a thousand Christian denominations in North America alone, in addition to many thousands of independent, unaffiliated congregations, para-church organizations, and personal or "Mom and Pop" ministries.

Although there are also many mainline and liberal Protestant faith groups, most are conservative in nature. Some beliefs of the Roman Catholic church and conservative Protestant denominations are in opposition to each other. The Catholic church accepts the theory of evolution but regards the human soul to be a unique creation of God.

The acceptance of homosexual sexual orientation -- but not same-sex behavior -- as morally neutral by the Catholic Church, but not by many conservative Protestants. The rejection of the death penalty by the Catholic church, and the continuing acceptance and its enthusiastic promotion by most conservative Protestants.

The catholic church in latin america essay

Catholics place ultimate interpretive authority in the Pope and Magesterium. Catholics teach that the bread and wine during the mass becomes the actual body, blood, soul and divinity of Jesus.

Protestants generally regard the two components as only symbolic of Jesus' body and blood. The gap between the two groups appears to be increasing over time.


Future reunification of the Christian religion was essentially impossible and is getting more so. They agree that his execution brought about atonement -- the potential to bridge the gulf between humanity and God caused by sin.

However they disagree on how this was achieved.


They partly agree about the significance of baptism, but disagree about the timing when it is normally performed. They do not agree on which books are included in the official canon of the Bible.

Perhaps the main difference between conservative Protestantism and Roman Catholicism is expressed by the "five Solas". The first three Sola statements of the early Protestant movement stressed that: The Catholic Church stresses a balance between Biblical support and the tradition of the Church itself.

The Catholic Church also teaches that salvation is implemented by grace from God alone. However, they stresses that the church sacraments are the channel for God's grace.

Again, the Catholic Church stresses the importance of church sacraments. There also exists a great gulf between the two groups on other matters of belief and church practice -- particularly with regard to the raptureauthority within the church, church organization, freedom of the individual, freedom of each congregation, etc.

The divisions are deep and long-standing. This has led to prejudice and discrimination. Hostility is particularly high in some countries in South America, where Protestants -- particularly Pentecostals -- have been taking "market share" away from the Catholic Church. Bloodshed has resulted in some areas.

In spite of these conflicts, these two wings of Christianity have been able to take joint programs in some areas.

Catholics and Protestants have cooperated in North America to: They differ slightly in their approaches to what they regard as the two most serious social evils: Both groups consider homosexual behavior to be hated by God and a major sin.

The Roman Catholic Church teaches that, in most cases, a homosexual orientation is not chosen; it is rarely changeable in adulthood, and is not, in itself, sinful.

The church regards all homosexual behavior to be intrinsically sinful, regardless of the degree of love and commitment within the relationship. They consider a homosexual orientation to be a disordered state.

The catholic church in latin america essay

Homosexual support groups in the Church promote celibacy.The Catholic Church in Latin America began with the Spanish colonization of the Americas and continues through the independence movements of the Spanish-American colonies up to the present day.

In the 19th and 20th centuries. The Catholic Labyrinth: Power, Apathy, and a Passion for Reform in the American Church [Peter McDonough] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.

Sexual abuse scandals, declining attendance, a meltdown in the number of priests and nuns, the closing of many parishes and parochial schools--all have shaken American Catholicism. Yet conservatives have increasingly dominated the church.

The Catholic Church in the United States is part of the worldwide Catholic Church in communion with the Pope in Rome.


With Catholicism making up % of the Unites States population as of , it is the second largest religious denomination in the United States of America. [1]. Catholic Social Teachings, Catholic Church prayers, Catholic Church Teachings, Christian, Bioethics, Homiletics, Roman Missal, Homilies, Illustrations, lectio divina.

"Anglican Orders: A Report on the Evolving Context for their Evaluation in the Roman Catholic Church" (May 8, ) from the Anglican-Roman Catholic Consultation USA. The Catholic Church in the United States is part of the worldwide Catholic Church in communion with the Pope in % of the United States population as of , the Catholic Church is the country's second largest single religious group after Protestantism, but the country's largest religious denomination.

The United States has the fourth largest Catholic population in the world.

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