Operation Cyclone To watch the courageous Afghan freedom fighters battle modern arsenals with simple hand-held weapons is an inspiration to those who love freedom.
Background[ edit ] Under Mohammad Reza Pahlavithe United States was the largest seller of arms to Iran, and the vast majority of the weapons that the Islamic Republic of Iran inherited in January were American-made.
After Ronald Reagan took office as President on 20 Januaryhe vowed to continue Carter's policy of blocking arms sales to Iran on the grounds that Iran supported terrorism.
Almost from the time he took office ina major goal of the Reagan administration was the overthrow of the left-wing Sandinista government in Nicaragua and to support the Contra rebels. Funding ran out for the Contras by July and in October a total ban was placed in effect.
The second Boland Amendment, in effect from 3 October to 3 Decemberstated: During the fiscal year no funds available to the Central Intelligence Agency, the Department of Defense or any other agency or entity of the United States involved in intelligence activities may be obligated or expended for the purpose of or which may have the effect of supporting directly or indirectly military or paramilitary operations in Nicaragua by any nation, organization, group, movement, or individual.
The Reagan administration argued it was not, and many in Congress argued that it was. The Reagan administration argued that because the constitution assigned the right to conduct foreign policy to the executive, its efforts to overthrow the government of Nicaragua were a presidential prerogative that Congress had no right to try to halt via the Boland amendments.
Air Force officer turned arms dealer Richard Secord that supplied arms to the Contras.
It was ostensibly a private sector operation, but in fact was controlled by the NSC. That date is important to the official justifications of the Reagan administration because the government claimed that the secret arms shipments were in exchange for Iranian cooperation with the release of hostages held in Lebanon by Hezbollah, where the first hostage was taken in But if an agreement to send secret arms shipments to Iran, and the fact of those shipments, both began beforethen the release of the hostages cannot be the reason for the arms shipments.
As reported in The New York Times in"continuing allegations that Reagan campaign officials made a deal with the Iranian Government of Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini in the fall of " led to "limited investigations.
The official documents 'establishing' the beginning of this policy as dating totherefore, may perhaps be interpreted as part of a paper trail to establish the 'arms-for-hostages' cover story, in case the secret arms shipments to Iran were discovered.
Dynamic political evolution is taking place inside Iran. Instability caused by the pressures of the Iraq-Iran war, economic deterioration and regime in-fighting create the potential for major changes inside Iran.
The Soviet Union is better positioned than the U. S should encourage Western allies and friends to help Iran meet its import requirements so as to reduce the attractiveness of Soviet assistance This includes provision of selected military equipment.
The short term dimension concerns the seven hostages; the long term dimension involves the establishment of a private dialogue with Iranian officials on the broader relations They sought specifically the delivery from Israel of TOW missiles While the President was recovering in the hospital, McFarlane met with him and told him that representatives from Israel had contacted the National Security Agency to pass on confidential information from what Reagan later described as the "moderate" Iranian faction headed by Rafsanjani opposed to the Ayatollah's hardline anti-American policies.
On 15 Septemberfollowing the second delivery, Reverend Benjamin Weir was released by his captors, the Islamic Jihad Organization.
Robert McFarlane resigned on 4 December  citing that he wanted to spend more time with his family. This one called for a slight change in the arms transactions: Though staunchly opposed by Secretary of State George Shultz and Secretary of Defense Caspar Weinbergerthe plan was authorized by Reagan, who stated that, "We were not trading arms for hostages, nor were we negotiating with terrorists".
I argued strongly that we have an embargo that makes arms sales to Iran illegal and President couldn't violate it and that 'washing' transactions thru Israel wouldn't make it legal. Shultz, Don Regan agreed. All of these activities continued to take place within the framework of the president's broad authorization.
Until the press reported on the existence of the operation, nobody in the administration questioned the authority of Poindexter's and North's team to implement the president's decisions". They eventually relented, and in February1, TOW missiles were shipped to the country.
The money was eventually returned to the Sultan of Bruneiwith interest. Retired National Security Advisor McFarlane conducted another international voyage, this one to Tehran ; bringing with him a gift of a bible having a handwritten inscription by Ronald Reagan;   and, according to George Cave a cake baked in the shape of a key.
Much to McFarlane's disgust, he did not meet ministers, and instead met in his words "third and fourth level officials". Otherwise, you can work with my staff. Reagan authorized the shipment to ensure that those potential events would not occur.Barack Obama's greatly overrated intellect President Obama's problem is not just inexperience or the fact that he'd rather play golf or basketball than sit in his office and make difficult decisions.
|Reprints ›||And to show that this is no empty boasting for the present occasion, but real tangible fact, you have only to consider the power which our city possesses and which has been won by those very qualities which I have mentioned. Athens, alone of the states we know, comes to her testing time in a greatness that surpasses what was imagined of her.|
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There is a lot of evidence (presented below) that he's just not terribly bright. Write a three to four () page paper on the period from the Reagan Revolution through President Obama.
Your paper should cover the following: Identify at least (2) two major historical turning points in the period under discussion. Barack Hussein Obama II (reportedly born in Honolulu, Hawaii on August 4, ) was the 44th President of the United regardbouddhiste.comd to serve as America first "post-racial" president, race relations largely deteriorated under President Obama's leadership.
During the years of his administration, a hard veil of censorship fell on the mainstream media and any discussion by critics was typically. My first reaction when French President Emmanuel Macron said this week that the European Union needed its own army to defend against potential adversaries — including the United States — was.
Reagan Revolution through President Obama Ronald Reagan was movie star turned President for two consecutive terms. This itself was an extraordinary accomplishment; very presidents have .
This paper seeks to discuss events that were influential during Reagan Revolution through President Obama and the impact they have had on America society. From the time of Reagan revolution through president Obama administration, there have been outstanding historical turning points that revolutionized and transformed America.