Rogers identified six conditions which are needed to produce personality changes in clients: Living in the present rather than the past or future, with organismic trust, naturalistic faith in your own thoughts and the accuracy in your feelings, and a responsible acknowledgment of your freedom, with a view toward participating fully in our world, contributing to other peoples' lives, are hallmarks of Rogers' person-centered therapy.
These trends should be considered in tailoring care to meet the shifting needs of our patients and their families.
It means working with patients to integrate self-management of their illness, good nutrition, exercise and healthy living into social and physical environments and facilitating access to local support services.
The goal is Person centred approach keep the focus on people, their views and their health issues, rather than on disease and its management alone . From the nursing perspective, a focus on the patient in a holistic way- as a whole person, not simply a health problem - has always been at the centre of nursing care.
Nursing leaders and theorists have always promoted self-care, focusing on enabling people to do as much as possible for themselves. A person-centred approach recognises patients as experts on their needs and on their own experience of their illness.
Coordination of services ensures care is organised within the same discipline and across several health disciplines . Coordination enhances service efficiency and the effectiveness of outcomes.
Autonomous clinical practice is no longer considered effective in achieving desired health outcomes. In order to centre care on the person, competencies are needed in communication and assessment, counselling and behaviour change strategies, supporting self-management of illness and wellness, and in coordinating care across time and with other health professionals.
All health care professionals have this responsibility, but nurses have perhaps the greatest opportunity as they work in many settings and are often the first point of contact for the public.
Absence of nursing from policy Despite the vital function of nurses to health team effectiveness and care outcomes, nurses are often absent from decision-making and policy matters.
Some studies suggest that nurses can waste time and energy solving problems of supply and equipment needed in day-to-day patient care that could be easily addressed through management support and nursing involvement in policy and decision-making .
That is why health systems need to be redesigned to optimise the nursing contribution to health teams in general and to person-centred care in particular. ICN resources and policies on person-centred care ICN has a long history of advocacy and support for patient-centred care. ICN believes that access to current and validated information is vital in supporting patients and their families to make informed decisions about health and illness.
The preferred future So what is the preferred future for person-centred care? Health professionals are seeing increasing evidence that person-centred care results in increased adherence to management protocols, reduced morbidity and improved quality of life for patients as well as in benefits measured through other health outcome indicators.
Increasingly, clinicians are advocating and implementing person-centred approaches with patient engagement. We need more time together, better comm-unication skills development for health care providers and increased mutual consultation.Person-centred care involves tailoring a person's care to their interests, abilities, history and personality.
What are the benefits of person-centred care? Person-centred care helps to ensure people with dementia can take part in the things they enjoy.
involving the person’s family and friends, as appropriate. This model of nursing care contrasts with a more frequent approach called ‘patient-centred’ nursing. This focuses on the person as a patient, emphasising medical diagnosis and the identification of nursing problems.
For many person-centred practitioners, the essence of the approach is that the therapist refrains from directing his or her clients in any way, such that the integration of more directive practices from other orientations may be considered a betrayal of the very foundations of person-centred therapy.
The Association for the Development of the Person-Centered Approach is an international network of individuals who support the development and application of the person-centered approach. NICE calls for person-centred approach to diabetes care Roberta Ellison February 29, Type-2 diabetes care must be tailored to the individual and take life expectancy into consideration, according to guidance published today by the National Institute of Health and Care Excellence (NICE).
Person-Centred Approaches to Counselling Unit Words | 12 Pages. Person-Centred Approaches to Counselling Unit The essay will evaluate the necessity and importance of the development of the core conditions in the counselling process and critically analyse the strengths and weaknesses of the person-centred approach on the counselling process.