Parenting styles and child development

It represents the different approaches parents use to raise their children. This paper looks into various kinds of parenting styles followed by families.

Parenting styles and child development

Parenting styles An Air Force sergeant meets his son for the first time Social classwealthculture and income have a very strong impact on what methods of child rearing parents use.

However, parenting is always evolving; as times, cultural practices, social norms, and traditions change [9] In psychology, the parental investment theory suggests that basic differences between males and females in parental investment have great adaptive significance and lead to gender differences in mating propensities and preferences.

Parenting Science – The science of child-rearing and child development

Working-class children often grow up at a disadvantage with the schooling, communities, and level of parental attention available compared to middle-class or upper-class[ citation needed ]. Also, lower working-class families do not get the kind of networking that the middle and upper classes do through helpful family members, friends, and community individuals or groups as well as various professionals or experts.

Parenting styles and child development

Parenting styles A parenting style is indicative of the overall emotional climate in the home. On the one hand, these four styles involve combinations of acceptance and responsiveness, and on the other hand, involve demand and control. In particular, authoritative parenting is positively related to mental health and satisfaction with life, and authoritarian parenting is negatively related to these variables.

Authoritative parents rely on positive reinforcement and infrequent use of punishment. There is a give-and-take atmosphere involved in parent-child communication and both control and support are balanced.

Research[ vague ] shows that this style is more beneficial than the too-hard authoritarian style or the too-soft permissive style. Authoritarian parenting styles Authoritarian parents are very rigid and strict. High demands are placed on the child, but there is little responsiveness to them.

Parents who practice authoritarian style parenting have a non-negotiable set of rules and expectations that are strictly enforced and require rigid obedience. When the rules are not followed, punishment is often used to promote future obedience.

This type of parenting is seen more often in working-class families than in the middle class. In Diana Baumrind found that children raised in an authoritarian-style home were less cheerful, more moody and more vulnerable to stress.

In many cases these children also demonstrated passive hostility. Permissive parenting Permissive, or indulgent, parenting is more popular in middle-class than in working-class families. Parents are undemanding, so there tends to be little if any punishment or explicit rules in this style of parenting.

These parents say that their children are free from external constraints and tend to be highly responsive to whatever the child wants at the time. Children of permissive parents are generally happy but sometimes show low levels of self-control and self-reliance because they lack structure at home.

Uninvolved parenting An uninvolved or neglectful parenting style is when parents are often emotionally or physically absent. If present, they may provide what the child needs for survival with little to no engagement. There is no single definitive model of parenting.

Parenting styles and child development

With authoritarian and permissive parenting on opposite sides of the spectrum, most conventional and modern models of parenting fall somewhere in between.

Practices[ edit ] A father and son A parenting practice is a specific behavior that a parent uses in raising a child.In recent years, much data has shown that parenting styles exercise a strong influence on child development and behaviour.

The initial choice of parenting style creates the foundation for the child’s psychological and social development. Parents can choose from different approaches in raising.

Department of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry | Child & Adolescent Psychiatry

Child development professionals typically think of parenting styles in terms of four main categories. According to the NYU Child Study Center the four types of styles are: Authoritarian, authoritative, permissive and uninvolved. Definition Of The 4 Parenting Styles. Parenting styles are categorized based on two dimensions of parenting behavior: Demandingness refers to the extend parents control their children’s behavior or demand their maturity..

Responsiveness refers to the degree parents are accepting and sensitive to their children’s emotional and developmental needs. In Raising an Emotionally Intelligent Child, psychology professor John Gottman explores the emotional relationship between parents and's not enough to simply reject an authoritarian model of parenting, Gottman says.

A parent needs to be concerned with the quality of emotional interactions. From talking and reading to infants to making values clear (best done in conversations around the dinner table), parents exert enormous influence over their children's development.

They are. Your parenting style will affect your child's health, self-esteem, and overall well-being. 4 Types of Parenting Styles and Their Effects on Kids What's Your Parenting Style? It's important to ensure your parenting style is supporting healthy growth and development because the way you interact with your child and how you discipline her.

How Different Parenting Styles Affect Children | HuffPost