It is usually issued, for civilians, by the secretariat of public security of each unit of the federation, but other departments — including the Armed Forces, the Police and some professional councils — can issue alternate identity cards, too.
These citizen ID cards or eIDs include a microprocessor for stronger document verification but also on-line authentication and signature.
As they contain the portrait of the card holder and very often fingerprints, they can be used for biometric identification and biometric authentication when needed.
These eID cards also enable governments to implement on-line applications such as eGovernment solutions giving citizens access to public services with the reassurance of robust security.
More from Gemalto on secure document implementations around the world. Added to that are deployments across large parts of Europe, in the Gulf and in parts of Latin America. All provide interesting examples of the potential of eIDs to affect millions of ordinary lives throughout developed and emerging economies.
They allow government departments to interact with their citizens more effectively around the clock. And the best part? Emerging economies National identity cards the value of eID credentials in general, because they promote economic empowerment, drive democracy and aid economic development as highlighted by the World Bank Group initiative named ID4D.
They show the rest of the world that they are modern, secure and trustworthy states, able to implement new technologies and standards — and very much open for business. Furthermore, secure ID technology that can be used cross-border is important as it promotes regional integration and stability and makes economic development more likely.
There are similarities with the European Regulation passed in July The rapid adoption of m-Government services in countries that have chosen to focus on mobile communication devices, has demonstrated the appeal of this strong and trusted method of identification.
Some visionary countries have made the leap to mobile ID or mID, through the creation of a mechanism using an eID component for accessing online services via mobile devices. Pioneers include countries where market penetration of cell phones and new technology is strong such as Austria, Estonia, Finland, Norway and Turkey.
Mobile ID projects are sometimes driven by the need for a universal form of identification Austriaor, in the case of Estonia into supplement a national card program and accelerate the development of electronic identity and digital signature.
As a highly trusted channel between citizens and service providers, mobile ID continues to extend its use from egovernment into other online areas such as banking and payment.
More on mobile IDs and the role of public authorities with the Gemalto white papers. Electronic records on individual citizens are available upon request of their owner in many European countries with a national eID scheme. And of course the key to accessing this online app is the national eID card.
Each citizen can consult their personal file in the national data register to see a record of when government officials have accessed their personal data and for what reason. More on transparency and traceability in the following Gemalto white paper on eGov 2. Well, sooner than you may think.
Today you can already do a lot with a smartphone. As a highly secure mobile application, it has stronger counterfeiting characteristics, enables driver data to be updated instantly and facilitates real-time communication opening the way to new business models using a trusted and secure channel.“Identity cards are not just technologies; they are also contemporary tools of governance which may be used to address a multiple and shifting set of social and political problems” (Bennett and Lyon ).
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Playing the Identity Card: Surveillance, Security and Identification in Global Perspective, Routledge () Edited by Colin J. Bennett and David Lyon. Identifying Citizens: ID Cards as Surveillance, Polity () By David Lyon.
A national identity card is a portable document, typically a plasticized card with digitally-embedded information, that someone is required or encouraged to carry as a means of confirming their.
When were Identity cards introduced during World War II? Identity cards were introduced during the War under the National Registration Act Everyone, including children, had to carry an identity (ID) card at all times to show who they were and where they lived.
Why was it important to carry an. An Act to make provision for a national scheme of registration of individuals and for the issue of cards capable of being used for identifying registered individuals; to make it an offence for a person to be in possession or control of an identity document to which he is not entitled, or of apparatus, articles or materials for making false identity documents; to amend the Consular Fees Act.