This "route" differed from the MIC-free routes used elsewhere, in which the same raw materials were combined in a different manufacturing order, with phosgene first reacting with naphthol to form a chloroformate ester, which was then reacted with methylamine.
Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues. The culprit was the pesticide plant owned and operated by the Indian subsidiary of Union Carbide, which leaked methyl isocyanate MICa very unstable chemical, during the early hours of December 3, That incident went down in history as the worst industrial accident in the world.
Rasheeda Bee, a survivor of that tragedy, vividly recalled that night with her words: After about a half mile, I had to sit down. My eyes were so inflamed, like needles piercing into my eyes. My lungs felt like they were filled with red chilies. The government policy of shifting from pesticides importation to domestic production was aimed at preserving its dollar reserves, while at the same time spurring industrialization in the country.
Since then, Union Carbide India Ltd. UCIL had been producing pesticides in the country. However, afterit was able to acquire a permit to manufacture its own MIC in the country Patel.
The UCIL operation was terminated after the incident, but the victims continue to suffer to this day. Union Carbide initially blamed the incident to terrorist action.
Changing its story later, however, it claimed that an angry employee just wanted to destroy the chemical by pouring water into the tank, but that the Essay bhopal gas tragedy 1984 grew out of proportion and simply became uncontrollable.
The people of Bhopal never believed their stories, however. Shrivastava supported this position when he pointed to human errors and system failures as the main causes of the leak. He claimed that the chemical reaction which ensued after several minutes was never effectively controlled because of the following system failures: Neither could water sprays be used against the spewing gases because the water pressure at the plant was not strong enough.
At any rate, system failure appeared to be the most likely cause of the leak. This position should acquire greater credibility if due notice is given to an earlier warning contained in a May report, prepared by a three-man team from the parent company that studied the safety features of the Bhopal MIC facility.
Apparently, that warning went unheeded, resulting to the tragedy. Blame should not only be confined to Union Carbide, however. It was clear that the government of India failed to protect its own people when it did not implement proper regulatory measures which could have prevented the disaster.
As a consequence of its neglecting a very critical responsibility, it must shoulder part of the blame. That disaster, therefore, was not only a socio-economic tragedy for the people of Bhopal. It was also a political catastrophe of unparalleled proportion for the ruling Congress Party, occurring as it did during the election month for the national parliament.
In other words, the Congress Party was left with only one course of action if they wanted to stay in power: This was exactly what the government did.
It even caused the arrest of Warren Anderson, the Chief Executive Officer of Union Carbide, when he returned to the country a few days after the tragedy. These actions alone proved enough to convince the electorate of the sincerity of the government, so the Congress Party won in the December parliamentary elections.
With the case back in Bhopal byorganizations representing the victims petitioned for an interim relief to be used in the rehabilitation of the victims. Meanwhile, doctors and other medical workers attending to the victims of the gas leak could not formulate a proper medical procedure for treatment because Union Carbide refused to give them accurate information as to the actual composition and toxicology of MIC.
This resulted to a situation where the victims were only given treatment for whatever symptoms they exhibited, a method which proved less than effective in totally curing them of the effects of exposure to MIC Prakash.
Instead, Union Carbide maintained that MIC could only result to mild irritation of the throat and ears. Such a claim could only be preposterous considering the very long list of symptoms observed by Patel, i.
By Augustrealizing the massive task involved not only in treating the victims but also in rehabilitating them, the government created the Department of Bhopal Gas Tragedy Relief and Rehabilitation under the direct supervision of Minister Shri Babulal Gaur, so that the victims could have a direct link with the central government.
According to reports published by this department, the immediate relief extended by the Indian Government consisted of immediate economic aid to victims during the month of December ; aid to 78, low income victim-families; rationing of milk and food supplies; compensation for 2, animals which died during the tragedy; and aid to the families of the dead Government of Madhya Pradesh.Jump to navigation Jump to search Jump to search.
The Bhopal disaster (Bhopal Gas Tragedy) happened by gas leak incident occurred at the night time of AM in December of The result of this gas leak caused risks for more than half million people by exposing them to chemicals hazards; one of these chemicals is methyl isocyanate (MIC) gas.
The Bhopal Gas Tragedy Essays - On the 3rd of December , a gas leakage incident happened in Bhopal, India. Methyl isocyanate(MIC), a deadly poisonous gas was accidentally leaked and spread into air from the Union Carbide India Limited (UCIL) plant. The Union Carbide Gas Disaster in Bhopal, India Essay.
The Union Carbide Gas Disaster in Bhopal, India On December 3, the residents of a Bhopal, India awoke to a toxic cloud of methyl isocyanate (MIC) gas that had been discharged from the near-by Union Carbida India Limited plant.
The Bhopal Disaster of Essay Sample the government created the Department of Bhopal Gas Tragedy Relief and Rehabilitation under the direct supervision of Minister Shri Babulal Gaur, so that the victims could have a direct link with the central government.
The Union Carbide Gas Disaster in Bhopal, India Essay - The Union Carbide Gas Disaster in Bhopal, India On December 3, the residents of a Bhopal, India awoke to a toxic cloud of methyl isocyanate (MIC) gas that had been discharged from the near-by Union Carbida India Limited plant.