These steps have also applied to climate change discussions:
May 15, Publisher: Request exam copy Overview S. Fred Singer is a distinguished astrophysicist who has taken a hard, scientific look at the evidence. In this book, Dr.
Singer explores the inaccuracies in historical climate data, the limitations of attempting to model climate on computers, solar variability and its impact on climate, the effects of clouds, ocean currents, and sea levels on global climate, and factors that could mitigate any human impacts on world climate.
In fact, he finds that many aspects of any global warming, such as a longer growing season for food and a reduced need to use fossil fuels for heating, would actually have a Economics of global warming impact on the human race.
Hot Talk, Cold Science is essential reading for anyone who wants to be fully informed about the global warming debate.
Nothing could be further from the truth. Fred Singer probes the literature on climate change and lays out the scientific case against the likelihood of an imminent, catastrophic global warming. Theoretical computer models to the contrary, man-made global warming has not been documented.
But even if it were to occur, the evidence suggests that it would largely be benign and Economics of global warming even improve human well-being, Singer argues. We would then have more scientific knowledge, technology, and economic resources with which to confront climate warming, if we ever discover that it is occurring and poses a real threat.
No Scientific Consensus of Warming That there is no scientific consensus of a global-warming threat is indicated by surveys of active scientists.
A November Gallup poll of members of the American Meteorological Society and the American Geophysical Union found that only 19 percent of those polled believed that human-induced global warming has occurred. That same year, Greenpeace International surveyed scientists who had worked on the report of the influential U.
In recent years, research on global climate change has led even more scientists to doubt that global warming is upon us or that it would soon bring disaster Science, May 16, Yet these doubts are characteristically downplayed in IPCC reports. This gave the false impression that all plus scientists who contributed to or had their work cited in the report alsosupported the view that man-made global warming was occurring or posed a credible threat.
While it is true that global temperatures have risen about 0. Further, we simply do not know whether climate variability depends on carbon dioxide concentrations. Scientists are only now beginning to study the role of other potential factors in global climate change, such as the interaction between the atmosphere and oceans, variations in solar radiation, and the cooling effects of volcanic emissions and sulfate aerosols.
By and large, General Circulation Models GCMs have not yet considered these factors, which may explain why computer models cannot account for observed temperatures. Many models indicate that global warming has arrived and will intensify unless we reduce greenhouse gas emissions like CO2.
However, weather satellite and balloon-borne radiosonde data indicate that global temperatures have fallen slightly since After correcting for the UHI effect, the years around emerge as the warmest years of the century in both the U.
The gap between the satellite observations and existing theory is large enough to cast serious doubt on all computer-model predictions of future warming.
Whatever the cause of the gap, we cannot rely on GCM forecasts of future warming. GCMs are not even consistent with each other; their temperature forecasts vary by some percent.
Until GCMs become validated by actual climate observations, they should not be used as the basis for policy. Would Global Warming Be a Threat? Nevertheless, the scientific literature supports the view that increases in CO2 concentration and global temperatures, were they to materialize, might actually improve human well-being.
Some benefits include a CO2-enriched biosphere more conducive to plant growth, longer frost-free growing seasons, greater water efficiency for plants, and more available farmland at higher latitudes. A reduction in severe storms would be another likely benefit if global warming were to occur.
Since a global warming would probably mostly warm the latitudes farther north and south, the temperature gradient between the equator and the poles would fall, thereby reducing the severity of storms. Contrary to anecdotal reports, theory and observations indicate that severe storms, both tropical and extratropical, have not increased in the past 50 years.
In fact, North Atlantic hurricanes have noticeably declined in frequency and in intensity. Rising sea levels, another alleged consequence of a global warming, may also be a phantom problem. It seems likely that a global warming would lower, rather than raise sea levels, because more evaporation from the oceans would increase precipitation and thereby thicken the ice caps of Greenland and Antarctica.
This possibility is supported by an observed inverse correlation between the rate of rise of the sea level and tropical sea surface temperature.
Ocean fertilization would also likely bring an important side benefit: Developing countries in particular would benefit from this less expensive policy by investing the saved wealth in strengthening the resilience of their economies, safeguarding against naturally occurring harmful climate events, and improving their health care systems.
Of great interest, this book demonstrates that at best, the available evidence is sketchy and incomplete. Hot Talk, Cold Science should have widespread circulation.
Let us depend on, rather than fear.Global warming cost the U.S.
government more than $ billion between and It will cost $ billion per year in the future, according to the U.S. Government Accountability Office.
Hurricanes in the past 16 years cost the economy $ billion. The Sky's Not Falling! is the balanced alternative to Scholastic's fear-inducing global warming kids' regardbouddhiste.comng the same day as celebrity wife Laurie David's Down-to-Earth Guide to Global Warming, The Sky's Not Falling!
is for parents sick of seeing their kids indoctrinated by . See how global warming is damaging infrastructure in Alaska—and find other hot spots with cost impacts on the Climate Hot Map. Damage to property and infrastructure. Sea-level rise, floods, droughts, wildfires, and extreme storms require extensive repair of essential infrastructure such as homes, roads, bridges, railroad tracks, airport runways, power lines, dams, levees, and seawalls.
Global warming is a long-term rise in the average temperature of the Earth's climate system, an aspect of climate change shown by temperature measurements and by multiple effects of the warming.
The term commonly refers to the mainly human-caused observed warming since pre-industrial times and its projected continuation, though there were also much earlier periods of global warming. Myths vs. Facts: Global Warming.
Myths vs. Facts in Global Warming: This news and analysis section addresses substance of arguments such as "global warming is a hoax", "global warming is a fiction", "global warming is created to make money for Al Gore". But in failing to act on global warming, many leaders are putting jobs and economic prosperity at risk, according to recent studies.
It’s suicidal, both economically and literally, to focus on the fossil fuel industry’s limited, short-term economic benefits at the expense of long-term prosperity, human health and the natural systems, plants and animals that make our well-being and survival possible.