For the next 25 seconds, all was silent. And then it hit hard—42 seconds of intense shaking. Buildings fell, sinkholes in the streets opened up, railroad tracks bent, and collapsing bricks crushed cable cars sheltered for the night in the cable car barn. But the real damage had not even begun.
Ethnic groups India is a diverse multiethnic country that is home to thousands of small ethnic and tribal groups. That complexity developed from a lengthy and involved process of migration and intermarriage. The great urban culture of the Indus civilizationa society of the Indus River valley that is thought to have been Dravidian-speaking, thrived from roughly to bce.
An early Aryan civilization—dominated by peoples with linguistic affinities to peoples in Iran and Europe —came to occupy northwestern and then north-central India over the period from roughly to bce and subsequently spread southwestward and eastward at the expense of other indigenous groups.
Despite the emergence of caste restrictions, that process was attended by intermarriage between groups that probably has continued to the present day, despite considerable opposition from peoples whose own distinctive civilizations had also evolved in early historical times.
Among the documented invasions that added significantly to the Indian ethnic mix are those of Persians, Scythians, Arabs, Mongols, Turks, and Afghans. In northeastern India, West Bengal to a lesser degreethe higher reaches of the western Himalayan region, and Ladakh in Jammu and Kashmir statemuch of the population more closely resembles peoples to the north and east—notably Tibetans and Burmans.
NagaNaga girl, Arunachal Pradesh, India. There are also several isolate languages, such as Nahali, which is spoken in a small area of Madhya Pradesh state.
The overwhelming majority of Indians speak Indo-Iranian or Dravidian languages. Devanagari scriptDevanagari script from a section of the Sanskrit Bhagavata-purana, c.
Languages within India have adopted words and grammatical forms from one another, and vernacular dialects within languages often diverge widely.
Over much of India, and especially the Indo-Gangetic Plainthere are no clear boundaries between one vernacular and another although ordinary villagers are sensitive to nuances of dialect that differentiate nearby localities. In the mountain fringes of the country, especially in the northeast, spoken dialects are often sufficiently different from one valley to the next to merit classifying each as a truly distinct language.
There were at one time, for example, no fewer than 25 languages classified within the Naga groupnot one of which was spoken by more than 60, people.
Lending order to the linguistic mix are a number of written, or literary, languages used on the subcontinent, each of which often differs markedly from the vernacular with which it is associated. The constitutionally designated official language of the Indian central government is Hindiand English is also officially designated for government use.
Those languages have become increasingly standardized since independence because of improved education and the influence of mass media. Most Indian languages including the official script for Hindi are written by using some variety of Devanagari script, but other scripts are used.
Sindhi, for instance, is written in a Persianized form of Arabic script, but it also is sometimes written in the Devanagari or Gurmukhi scripts. Indo-European languages The Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European family is the largest language group in the subcontinent, with nearly three-fourths of the population speaking a language of that family as a mother tongue.
It can be further split into three subfamilies: Indo-AryanDardicand Iranian. The numerous languages of the family all derive from Sanskritthe language of the ancient Aryans.An earthquake (or quakes, tremors) is the shaking of the surface of the Earth.
They are caused by sudden movements of the Earth's tectonic plates. Earthquakes can be extremely violent or so slight that they only register on instruments. LEARN HINDI SPEAKING ONLINE with Anil Mahato's FREE Video Lessons. I created this Hindi tutoring YouTube channel for helping one friend which later with bles.
An earthquake is a sudden, rapid shaking of the ground caused by the breaking and shifting of rock beneath the Earth's surface. This shaking can cause damage to buildings and bridges; disrupt gas, electric, and phone service; and sometimes trigger landslides, avalanches, flash floods, fires, and huge, destructive ocean waves (tsunamis).
हमारी धरती मुख्य तौर पर चार परतों से बनी हुई है, इनर कोर, आउटर कोर, मैनटल और क्रस्ट। क्रस्ट और ऊपरी मैन्टल को लिथोस्फेयर कहते हैं। . Experts maintain that the best, most effective way to raise a bilingual child is to have one parent speaking to the child only in the foreign language.
•Sampath Web Card: A pre-paid VISA card from Sampath Bank, SL - for Sri Lankan citizens above 18 years - exclusively designed to make payments for purchases via the Internet there by reducing the risk of fraud.
The card is re-usable by topping up to the desired value.
• Sampath Vishwa.