What really distinguishes the Natural approach from other methods and approaches are its premises concerning the use of language and the importance of vocabulary: Language is viewed as a vehicle for communicating meaning and messages.
They created the new method in language learning especially in English language learning. The program was like the Direct method that concerned to the target language than well-developed methodological basis.
Then, there was great demand from foreign students who wanted to enter the universities in America and these students required to follow the training English before studying in the universities.
These programs led to the new method which was Audio-lingual method. The method gave attention to pronunciation and intensive oral drilling of its basic patterns.
The method was the combination of structural linguistics theory, contrastive analysis, aural-oral procedure and behavior psychologist that had transformed language teaching from art to science. The basic principles of an Audiolingual method were used in Lado English series and English There were approach, design and procedure in Audiolingual method.
The Approach The theory of language was structural linguistics or structural view of language that had developed the traditional grammar. The primary of structural linguistic used oral language as media of learning. Before learning how to write and read, the important thing is learn how to speak. The theory of learning of Audiolingual method was behavioral psychology with the three elements which are stimulus — response — reinforcement.
The Design The objectives of Audiolingual method are short and long term objectives.
The short term consists of first; the structure of sound, form and order in the new language, second; acquaintance with vocabulary items, and third; meaning especially verbal symbol.
The long term is get knowledge and competency as native speaker.
The Syllabus Audiolingualism is used linguistic syllabus which contains the key items of phonology, morphology, and syntax of language. Types of learning and teaching activities Dialogue and drills form are used in learning activities. Dialogues are used for repetition and memorization. The patterns of drills are repetition, inflection, replacement, restatement, completion, transposition, contraction, expansion, transformation, integration, rejoinder, and restoration.
Learner roles The learners are directed to have skill and produce correct responses. They play reactive role by responding the stimuli. Teacher roles The roles of teacher are central and active. The teacher is dominated the method of learning and models target of language. The role of instructional materials It is a guide the teacher to develop language mastery of the learner.
Tape recorder and audiolingual equipment have central role in audiolingual course. Procedure Audiolingual method is oral approach to language learning by involving extensive oral instructions and drills in the teaching process.
It was developed an approach to the English teaching as foreign language by these following reasons; first, the rejection of Audiolingualism in United States, then the British linguists wanted to prove the theoretical assumptions underlying Situational Teaching, second, the different approaches in foreign language teaching that came from changing educational realities in Europe.
In a group of linguists tried to develop language courses on a unit credit system.
A British linguist proposed a functional or communicative definition of language that became foundation of developing communicative syllabuses for language teaching.
He revised and expanded to be notional — functional syllabus which had impact to Communicative Language Teaching. It is the functional view of language.
Theory of Learning Contrast to the CLT literature about communicative dimensions of language, little has been written about learning theory. There were three elements of CLT practices; activities that involve real communication promote learning, activities in which language is used for carrying out meaningful tasks promote learning, and language that is meaningful to the learner promotes learning Design.Communicative language TeachingPrinciples and Application for the Classroom Background Traditionally language learning has been teache.
Grammar the function of an adverb or adjective that is used to indicate degrees of superiority or inferiority in quality, quantity, or intensity. the patterns of formation involved therein.
Nov 27, · A significant exception may be the influence of Michael Halliday’s Systemic Functional Grammar in translation studies, mostly through the works of Mona Baker ( Baker, M.
(). In other words: A coursebook on translation. How to make a thesis for a compare and contrast essay number 1 in for colleges I thought, in truth this moment of a plan you need to be a queue of others like essay contrast and compare a for a to how make thesis those represented especially in france.
(Total Physical Response, Direct Method, Grammar Translation, etc.) Berlitz schools follow a specific Method, and won't permit a teacher to use other resources. Between English and Arabic: A Practical Course in Translation By most useful in pointing out areas where direct translation of a term or 80) emphasizes a similar method to Nida’s suggesting that “the translator first reads/translates in the SL and then, through a .