Nixon famously resigned before the House of Representatives could vote on the three articles of impeachment — in addition to obstruction, the committee approved articles charging him with abuse of power and contempt of Congress. But it was widely accepted the House would vote to impeach. And this failure would be all the more severe because of the nature of the crime in question, a conspiracy to obstruct justice, the purpose of which was to place certain individuals beyond the rule of law.
Department of State, February 25, PANAMA Panama is a representative democracy with an elected executive composed of a president and two vice presidents, an elected member legislature, and an appointed judiciary. Although the Constitution provides for an independent judiciary, the judicial system is subject to corruption and political manipulation.
Panama has had no military forces since In a constitutional amendment formally prohibited the establishment of a permanent military, although it contains a provision for the temporary formation of a " special police force " to protect the borders in case of a " threat of external aggression.
The PNP are responsible for law enforcement. Police forces respond to civilian authority, have civilian directors, and have internal review procedures to deal with police misconduct.
There were reports of instances of abuse by some members of the security forces. The service-oriented economy uses the U. Gross domestic product grew by 4.
The Ministry of Economy and Finance expects modestly higher growth in as the effects of economic liberalization and the Panama Canal transfer become evident.
Poverty persists and income distribution remains extremely skewed, with large disparities between rich and poor.
Unemployment is estimated at 13 percent. The Government generally respected the human rights of its citizens; however, there continued to be serious problems in several areas. Police and prison guards on occasion used excessive force against detainees and prisoners, and on occasion police used force against protesters.
Despite some modest improvements, overall prison conditions remained harsh, with occasional outbreaks of internal prison violence. Prisoners were subject to arbitrary and prolonged pretrial detention. The judiciary was subject to political manipulation, and the criminal justice system was inefficient and often corrupt.
There were instances of illegal searches and political pressure on the media. Violence against women remained a serious problem, and discrimination against women persisted.
Discrimination against indigenous people and blacks is a problem. Child labor also is a problem. Worker rights were limited in export processing zones.
Trafficking in persons, particularly Asian immigrants, also was a problem. Political and Other Extrajudicial Killing There were no reports of political or other extrajudicial killings. The guards remain separated from the PNP pending the outcome of the trial, but as of year's end there had been no further action in this case.
In September President Moscoso rescinded pardons granted by former President Perez Balladares for 33 former civilian and military collaborators of former ruler General Manuel Noriega, in order to allow the Government to continue prosecutions of officials for abuses committed during the dictatorship--from to One such official reportedly was involved in the execution of nine persons following a failed coup attempt against Noriega in In September the authorities discovered an unmarked grave containing two bodies on the grounds of a former military base near Panama City.
One of the bodies was believed to be that of Hector Gallego, a Colombian priest who disappeared in during the Torrijos dictatorship.
In after the return of civilian rule, three former military officers were tried for his murder and given lengthy prison sentences. There was also speculation that the other body was that of Eber Quintanar, an accused guerrilla reportedly killed by the National Guard in Articles on the Global Issues web site.
This web site has numerous articles categorized into various issues. Some articles can of course be in more than one issue as many are inter-related. The concerns regarding the Articles of confederation were extensive and the compromises that the Constitution then provided in return were even more so.
This Constitution is the backbone of the United States of America that has stood the test of time, the Three/5ths Compromise and Tax Essay The Great Compromise. Regulation, employment, and the economy: a theoretical perspective Recent advocates of deregulation articulate the following theory on the deleterious effects of regulation on employment.
First, they argue that it is costly for firms to comply with regulations. The Journal of Legislation is a legislative law review which focuses on analysis and reform of legislation and public policy. The Journal was founded in as New Dimensions in Legislation,  before being renamed as N.D.
Journal of Legislation  in and finally just Journal of Legislation . The political factors affecting business are often given a lot of importance. Several aspects of government policy can affect business. Your government might increase taxes for some companies and lower it for others.
The decision will have a direct effect on your businesses. Tags: business analysis economic analysis political analysis. The intricate body of tax law covers payment of taxes to a minimum of four levels of government, either directly or indirectly. There is a special trial court which hears disputes between the IRS and taxpayers regarding federal income, estate and gift tax underpayments - the U.S.
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