To purchase this book, click here.
Especially was it thought that a pilgrimage to the land that had been trod by the feet of the Saviour of the world, to the Holy City that had witnessed his martyrdom, was a peculiarly pious undertaking, and one which secured for the pilgrim the special favor and blessing of Heaven.
The Saracen caliphs, for the four centuries and more that they held possession of Palestine, pursued usually an enlightened policy towards the pilgrims, even encouraging pilgrimages as a source of revenue.
But in the eleventh century the Seljukian Turks, a prominent Tartar tribe and zealous followers of Islam, wrested from the caliphs almost all their Asiatic possessions. The Christians were not long in realizing that power had fallen into new hands.
The churches in Jerusalem were destroyed or turned into stables. Cause of the Crusades - Religious Conviction If it were a meritorious thing to make a pilgrimage to the Holy Sepulchre, much more would it be a pious act to rescue the sacred spot from the profanation of infidels.
This was the conviction that changed the pilgrim into a warrior, this was the sentiment that for two centuries and more stirred the Christian world to its profoundest depths, and cast the population of Europe in wave after wave upon Asia.
Cause of the Crusades - The Instinct to Fight Although this religious feeling was the principal cause of the Crusades, still there was another concurring cause which must not be overlooked.
This was the restless, adventurous spirit of the Teutonic peoples of Europe, who had not as yet outgrown their barbarian instincts. The feudal knights and lords, just now animated by the rising spirit of chivalry, were very ready to enlist in an undertaking so consonant with their martial feelings and their new vows of knighthood.
Having been commissioned by Pope Urban II. Cause of the Crusades - The Threat of the Turks Whilst Peter the Hermit had been arousing the warriors of the West, the Turks had been making constant advances in the East, and were now threatening Constantinople itself.
The Greek emperor Alexius Comnenus sent urgent letters to the Pope, asking for aid against the infidels, representing that, unless assistance was extended immediately, the capital with all its holy relics must soon fall into the hands of the barbarians.
Pope Urban II himself was one of the chief speakers. He was naturally eloquent, so that the man, the cause, and the occasion all conspired to achieve one of the greatest triumphs of human oratory.
Pope Urban II pictured the humiliation and misery of the provinces of Asia; the profanation of the places made sacred by the presence and footsteps of the Son of God.
Pope Urban II then detailed the conquests of the Turks, until now, with all Asia Minor in their possession, they were threatening Europe from the shores of the Hellespont.
Cause of the Crusades - "It is the will of God" "When Jesus Christ summons you to his defence," exclaimed the eloquent pontiff, "let no base affection detain you in your homes; whoever will abandon his house, or his father, or his mother, or his wife, or his children, or his inheritance, for the sake of my name, shall be recompensed a hundred-fold, and possess life eternal.
With one voice they cried, "Dieu le volt! It is the will of God! The fifteenth day of August of the following year was set for the departure of the expedition - the Crusades had begun.
Cause of the Crusades Each section of this Middle Ages website addresses all topics and provides interesting facts and information about these great people and events in bygone Medieval times including Cause of the Crusades.
The Sitemap provides full details of all of the information and facts provided about the fascinating subject of the Middle Ages!The Significance of the Crusades: A Brief Overview Jacob Hafer La the Crusades are considered to be the most pivotal series of events in all of medieval history.
The Crusades are significant in because they showed how powerful the Catholic Church became The origins of the Crusades starts with Islam’s expansion throughout the Middle.
Overview and Analysis of the Crusades The Crusades were military expeditions planned and carried out by western European Christians.
The crusades started around The purpose of these crusades was to overtake and gain control of the Holy Land from the Muslims. Taking this approach yields a larger number of crusades, spread over a larger geographical area and chronological range.
At the same time, some question whether the role of authorities (i.e, the pope) determined a crusade as much as grassroots enthusiasm among ordinary people. May 31, · Like Gregory, he made internal reform his main focus, railing against simony (the selling of church offices) and other clerical abuses prevalent during the Middle Ages.
The Crusades spread Christianity, expanded the territories of many European countries, increased trade, spread knowledge and began an era of persecution and war against non-Christians that continued with the Inquisition.
The Crusades also dramatically increased the wealth and power of the Roman. The narrative of the Crusades should have been presented as a complicated chapter in medieval history where people fought each other and also tolerated each other.