Beyond introductions and interviewing! PNs realize there is much more to nursing communication than making introductions and interviewing. To work effectively with clients, LPNs need professional communication skills that build relationships with them. Sometimes these relationships are referred to as helping relationships, interpersonal relationships, or therapeutic relationships.
There is a great deal of data supporting the conclusion that these behaviors affect health more significantly than other factors. Sociologists agree that alcohol consumption, smoking, diet, and exercise are important issues, but they also see the importance of analyzing the cultural factors that affect these patterns.
Sociologists also look at the effects that the productive process has on health and illness. While also looking at things such as industrial pollutionenvironmental pollution, accidents at work, and stress-related diseases. Studies of epidemiology show that autonomy and control in the workplace are vital factors in the etiology of heart disease.
One cause is an effort-reward imbalance. Decreasing career advancement opportunities and major imbalances in control over work have been coupled with various negative health costs.
Various studies have shown that pension rights may shed light on mortality differences between retired men and women of different socioeconomic statuses.
These studies show that there are outside factors that influence health and illness. Note that levels of infection are much higher in sub-Saharan Africa. On the opposite end, there are many beliefs that an infected male can be cured of the infection by having sex with a virgin.
These beliefs increase the number of people with the virus and also increase the number of rapes against women.
It is used more than standard treatment because it is more affordable. This lack of research on whether the herbal medicines work and what the medicines consist of is a major flaw in the healing cycle of HIV in Africa. The labor force in Africa is slowly diminishing, due to HIV-related deaths and illness.
In response, government income declines and so does tax revenue. The orphan epidemic in Africa is a regional problem. In most cases, both of the parents are affected with HIV.
Due to this, the children are usually raised by their grandmothers and in extreme cases they are raised by themselves.
In order to care for the sick parents, the children have to take on more responsibility by working to produce an income. Not only do the children lose their parents but they also lose their childhood as well. Having to provide care for their parents, the children also miss out on an education which increases the risk of teen pregnancy and people affected with HIV.
The most efficient way to diminish the orphan epidemic is prevention: Also, educating adults about HIV and caring for the infected people adequately will lower the orphan population. The age range with the highest death rates, due to HIV, are those between the ages of 20 and 49 years.
The fact that this age range is when adults acquire most of their income they cannot afford to send their children to school, due to the high medication costs. It also removes the people who could help aid in responding to the epidemic.
Japanfor example, has the third highest life expectancy 82 years oldwhile Afghanistan has the 11th worst 44 years old. These problems are influenced by the sociological factors of religion or belief systems, attempts to reconcile traditional medicinal practices with modern professionalism, and the economic status of the inhabitants of Asia.
Vietnam is a country with feudal, traditional roots, which, due to invasion, wars, technology and travel is becoming increasingly globalized. Globalization has altered traditional viewpoints and values. Even early globalization has added to this problem — Chinese influence made Vietnam a Confucian societyin which women are of less importance than men.
Men in their superiority have no need to be sexually responsible, and women, generally not well educated, are often unaware of the risk, perpetuating the spread of HIV and AIDS as well as other STIs. Cultural beliefs shape attitudes towards physical and mental disabilities.
China exemplifies this problem. According to Chinese Confucian tradition which is also applicable in other countries where Confucianism has been spreadpeople should always pursue good health in their lives, with an emphasis on health promotion and disease prevention.
Many traditional healing practices include shamanism and herbal medicinesand may have been passed down orally in small groups or even institutionalized and professionalized.We all have the right to the best possible clinical care to treat mental illness and its symptoms.
Clinical care means the medical treatment provided by a doctor or other professional at a GP’s surgery, community mental health service, hospital or other health facility. By contrast, another large, nationally representative study found a different relationship between race, ethnicity, and attitudes towards patients with mental illness.
Asian and Hispanic Americans saw them as more dangerous than did whites. Division of Bacterial Diseases, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases The material in this report originated in the National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, Anne Schuchat, MD, Director, and the Division of Bacterial Diseases, Rana Hajjeh, MD, Director.
On the expression of psychosis in different cultures: schizophrenia in an Indian and in a Nigerian community: a report from the World Health Organization Project on Determinants of Outcome of Severe Mental Disorders.
Module 7: Cultural Perspectives on Mental Health Stigma, Discrimination, and Mental Health. Mental illness stigma is defined as the “devaluing, disgracing, and disfavoring by the general public of individuals with mental illnesses”.
|The Foreskin, Circumcision and Sexuality||The perception of mental illness within the cultural dynamics may affect the diagnosis, treatment, and reintegration of an individual with schizophrenia. As culture influences the ways individuals communicate and manifest symptoms of mental illness, style of coping, support system, and willingness to seek treatment may be affected as well.|
|Male circumcision is a weapon in the sperm wars||Cultural differences in mental health?|
|Culture Name||Selected Patient Education Resources How culture influences health beliefs All cultures have systems of health beliefs to explain what causes illness, how it can be cured or treated, and who should be involved in the process. The extent to which patients perceive patient education as having cultural relevance for them can have a profound effect on their reception to information provided and their willingness to use it.|
Medical anthropology seeks to understand the ways in which people in different cultures: 1) explain the causes of illness (etiology) 2) find, create and use treatments and remedies considered appropriate therapies -interested in the study of patterns of illness and disease within an environment and its dynamic relation to living organisms.